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資訊 | 新加坡政府斥資收購新捷運地鐵列車和信號系統等資產

日期: 2018-03-16
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資訊 | 新加坡政府斥資收購新捷運地鐵列車和信號系統等資產

據聯合早報訊:新加坡陸交局宣布政府將分三年付款,以約2880萬新元(加上消費稅為約3080新萬元)的凈賬面價值購買地鐵東北線和盛港榜鵝輕軌線的列車和信號系統等資產。陸交局指出,資產的轉交不會對新捷運的運作與員工造成影響。

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經七年協商,陸路交通管理局與公交業者新捷運完成了新地鐵融資框架的談判。政府將以約3000萬新元向新捷運購買地鐵東北線和盛港榜鵝輕軌線的列車和信號系統等資產,讓業者更專注于經營地鐵服務和維修。

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陸交局昨晚發文告宣布,政府將分三年付款,以約2880萬元(加上消費稅為約3080萬元)的凈賬面價值購買上述資產,新捷運將在今年4月1日正式在新地鐵融資框架(簡稱NRFF)下經營東北線和盛港榜鵝輕軌線。

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陸交局指出,資產的轉交不會對新捷運的運作與員工造成影響。

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NRFF于2010年推出,新捷運在2011年奪標經營的濱海市區線是首個在新框架下營運的地鐵線。

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隨著東北線和盛港榜鵝輕軌線過渡到新框架,本地所有地鐵和輕軌線都會在NRFF下營運。

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政府已在2016年7月,以約10億元向SMRT購買了地鐵南北線、東西線、環線以及武吉班讓輕軌線的資產。

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根據新框架,業者每年得向當局支付一筆執照費,這筆費用將注入由陸交局監管的地鐵累積基金(Railway?Sinking?Fund),用于抵消政府在建造、更換和提升設備的花費。

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政府也會根據稅前盈利率(Earnings?before?Interest?and?Taxes,簡稱EBIT)與業者共同承擔收入風險。

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此外,配合新框架的推行,當局在2016年落實了一套“維修表現標準”,以提升業者的維修服務水平。若業者在維修方面達不到當局的要求,就得被罰款。東北線和盛港榜鵝輕軌線過渡到NRFF后將實施這套標準。

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不過,新捷運開始經營市區線時,NRFF仍未包括“維修表現標準”,但據了解,當局在檢討或修訂NRFF時,或可將新標準的部分元素納入市區線的NRFF中。

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另外,在NRFF下,業者的地鐵經營權從之前的30年至40年縮短至15年,若表現良好,經營權可多延五年。新捷運東北線和盛港榜鵝輕軌線在NRFF下的經營權將在2033年到期,市區線經營權則從去年全線通車后算起,到2032年期滿。

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陸交局在解釋NRFF的好處時指出,新框架能讓政府更適時地掌控地鐵資產的采購與更新,進而提升服務可靠度。業者也因無需管理資產,能更專注于營運與維修,而經營權期限的縮短能讓當局更早進行招標,使市場更具競爭性。

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新捷運昨晚發文告指NRFF是“更可持續且輕資產”的運作模式。文告引述新捷運總裁顏睿杰說:“新框架從長期來看是更可持續的營運模式,我們能因此更專注于運作和維修地鐵系統,進一步提升服務素質。”

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東北線過渡到新框架

可避免南北和東西線問題

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新躍社科大學經濟系高級講師特斯拉博士(Walter?Theseira)受訪時指出,新捷運在NRFF下經營東北線,或能避免南北和東西線因系統老舊而頻頻面對故障的狀況。“在先前經營模式下,業者可能會因盈利考量而縮減維修及更新地鐵資產的成本,否則可能面對虧損。NRFF能減輕業者負擔,政府也能更好地確保地鐵資產的運作狀態,而東北線還不算太舊,如今過渡到新框架下相當適時,或可避免南北和東西線近年來所面對的故障問題。”

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NRA資本研究部主管劉錦樹也認為政府收購地鐵資產對新捷運有好處,能助降低營運成本,因為新捷運無需承擔資產折損。他受訪時指出,這也會讓新捷運的資產負債表更輕,一般上有利提高股本回報率(ROE)。“不過,這項地鐵資產收購實際對股本回報率的影響,還得看營業成本的改變和收費調整等因素。”


陸交局公告(英文):


The Land Transport Authority (LTA) and SBS Transit Ltd (SBST Ltd) have concluded discussions on the transition of North East Line (NEL), Sengkang LRT and Punggol LRT (SPLRT) to the New Rail Financing Framework (NRFF). This completes the transition of the entire rail network to NRFF.? With LTA owning all rail operating assets, commuters will benefit through more coordinated and timely expansion and renewal of the rail system.

2. ?NEL and SPLRT will transit to the NRFF on 1 April 2018, and SBST Ltd will be granted a 15-year licence to operate the lines until 31 March 2033. SBST Ltd will transfer the operating assets under the NEL and SPLRT to LTA at Net Book Value[1]?as at 31 March 2018. Thereafter, LTA will own the operating assets for these lines. In return for the right to operate these rail lines, SBST Ltd will pay LTA a Licence Charge to be set aside in the Railway Sinking Fund (RSF) for the renewal of operating assets. The Licence Charge structure is identical to that for SMRT Trains.

3. ?The transition will benefit commuters by:

a) ?enabling the Government to ensure timely procurement of additional trains and operating assets to enhance reliability and keep pace with growing ridership demand,

b) ?relieving rail operators from heavy capital expenditure and large fare revenue risks so that they can focus on their core role of operating and maintaining the rail network, and

c) ?making the industry more contestable by shortening the licence period from 30 – 40 years under the previous financing framework to 15 years, with a possible 5-year extension.

4. ?As part of the transition, LTA will conduct an asset condition survey of the operating assets and make payment for the assets in tranches over the next two years: 60% of the payment will be made on the date of transition, and the remaining 40% will be paid in two instalments of 20% each on the next two anniversaries of the transition.

5. ?SBST Ltd will provide warranties on the condition of the assets over this two-year period, and LTA is entitled to withhold payments for assets requiring rectification or replacement. The transfer of ownership of operating assets will not affect day-to-day rail operations and SBST Ltd’s employees.

6. ?Under the licence issued to SBST Ltd, LTA will continue to emphasise enhanced maintenance standards for improved rail reliability through the Maintenance Performance Standards (MPS), a set of requirements, delivery standards and process controls first introduced as part of SMRT Trains’ transition to the NRFF in 2016.? The MPS takes a prescriptive approach of regulating SBST Ltd’s maintenance processes upstream by stipulating process-based maintenance requirements so that issues can be identified and addressed early.

About New Rail Financing Framework

7. ?Under the previous financing framework, rail operators own the operating assets, such as trains and the signalling system, and are responsible for building up, replacing and upgrading these assets. However, as the operators bear the full financial risk, they may be too cautious to undertake costly capacity expansion, replacement and upgrading works. They may also be less responsive to growing ridership and commuter expectations.

8. ?The Government announced the NRFF in the 2008 Land Transport Master Plan. In 2010, the Rapid Transit Systems Act was amended to implement the NRFF. The NRFF was first implemented in 2011 for the Downtown Line operated by SBST Ltd, and subsequently extended to the North-South and East-West Lines, Circle Line and Bukit Panjang LRT, which are operated by SMRT Trains Limited, in 2016.

9. ?The NRFF provides for profit and risk sharing between the operator and LTA. LTA will share some of the shortfall in fare revenue and profits when fare revenue growth fails to keep pace with cost growth. If profits outperform, operators will pay an increased Licence Charge into the RSF. In addition, LTA may reimburse the operator, or vice-versa, if there are changes to the operator’s operating cost or revenue as a result of new regulatory changes initiated by LTA.

10. The NRFF is an integral part of the Government’s effort to enhance the quality, reliability and sustainability of our rail system. With all our existing rail lines now on the NRFF, the Government will be able to plan network capacity holistically and improve rail capacity for Singaporeans in a timely manner. Commuters will also benefit from higher-quality rides and a system that is more responsive to their needs.


[1]?The Net Book Value of assets refers to the value of the assets as indicated in a company’s financial statements. It is equal to the original cost of the assets minus any accumulated depreciation. In this case, it refers to the value of operating assets on SBS Transit’s financial statements as at 31 March 2018, which amounts to S$28.8 million (S$30.8 million including GST). ?


素材來源:聯合早報 LTA等 頂圖by搜索引擎推薦

轉自:軌道世界


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